The information below applies to downloading class materials.
A "PDF reader"
will be needed to view the downloadable materials.**
If the PDF does not open when the link (title) is clicked:
**Downloadable materials on this site are in PDF (Portable Document Format) because it is widely used in technical disciplines to distribute data sheets, technical articles and other information and because it retains the original format of the document intact.
"It is no longer possible or economical to repair most electronic equipment thanks to ICs. The cost of labor, the cost of test instruments to troubleshoot equipment, and the difficulty of replacing ICs have made it more practical to just discard a bad piece of equipment rather than repair it. It costs less and you get a newer and better replacement product as a result. Not a bad deal."
Louis E. Frenzel, Jr.,
Professor, author, engineer